Juniper are one of the most commonly used species for bonsai because they can survive some negligence, naturally grow low and dense, and can be grown indoors or outdoors. This species can survive a few extra days without watering if they have to. This makes them perfect for beginners and people that travel and might not be there to water them occasionally. As long as you keep up with fertilizer and water regularly when you can, they can handle a little more than other species.
Juniper bonsai can also be grown indoors or outdoors, unlike most other bonsai species. They can adapt to what you provide for them as long as you provide the right amount of sunlight and provide a dormant period. They also naturally grow densely and low to the ground, making them perfect for bonsai. This makes them especially perfect for cascade bonsai since they already try to grow downward.
Where to Place your Juniper Bonsai
Juniper need a good amount of sunlight, but must be shaded from direct midday sun. Place this bonsai in an area that receives sunlight first thing in the morning. This will give it a kick start so the tree is growing for a longer portion of the day. Make sure that you provide some shade from the scorching midday sun or your will lose some needles.
This species is one of the few bonsai species that can be grown both indoors and outdoors with proper care. As long as you provide the right amount of sunlight and water, they are just as happy with either location. The only thing that you need to watch out for is a winter timeframe for the tree to go dormant. Without this your tree will die, so if kept indoors you will need to simulate this experience.
How to Water your Juniper Bonsai
Make sure to check your bonsais daily to see if they need to be watered. Try not to get used to a schedule because the smallest changes can greatly affect the water needs. If possible, submerge your entire pot in water for a minute before removing it. After removing it, let the excess water drain out before returning it to its normal location. This is the preferred way to water a bonsai because it ensures that the soil has absorbed the most amount of water possible.
Soil and Fertilizer for your Juniper Bonsai
Juniper prefer a well draining soil with plenty of arrogates. This allows the water to flow through quickly and lets air flow through to the roots. When you water your bonsai, you do not want to see the water pool at the surface of the soil for more than a few brief seconds. Soil with bad drainage will encourage root rot, which will eventually kill your Juniper bonsai.
When it comes to training a bonsai, it’s impossible to cover it all in a care guide like this. I will cover the Juniper bonsai specific training techniques that you will need to know. The first difference is that you will want to pinch back new growth instead of cutting it. If you cut the unwanted needles, it will force surrounding foliage to turn brown and die. Simply pinch the new needles and pluck them out to thin or remove what you do not want.
The other key to training a Juniper is to remember that they are going to attempt to grow as low to the ground as possible. This means that you will need to constantly need to watch out for branches that are growing towards the ground. Trim these branches to keep the tree look that you are going for when growing a Juniper bonsai.